Ages and Stages

What would reading aloud ‘look like’ and ‘sound like’ for different ages?

   

Looks Like

Sounds Like

Age 0-1

 
  • Child in bouncy chair
  • Parent is holding the book until child is able to hold the book
  • Parent is pointing and saying the names of objects in the book
  • In 20 seconds or less?
  • “ Let’s look at this book.”
  • “Look! Bird. Nest.”

Age 2-3

 
  • Child on parent’s lap
  • Parent and child are holding the book
  • Parent is reading the text and stopping frequently for questions and lots of talking
  • Parent models own thinking while reading
  • Echo reading to model fluency and expression
  • Child draws a picture about the book and writes their name on it
  • Parents asks them to talk about their picture and parent records what the child says on the bottom of the picture
  • “ Let’s look at the cover of this book.  What do you think this book is about?”
  • “What do you see? A bird? A nest?” “Look, Mother Bird is wearing a red scarf.”
  • “How many legs does the bird have? Let’s count them.”
  • “Then the baby bird says…”
  • " I wonder...?"
  • "Now I am thinking...because...."
  • “What part did you like the best?”

Age 4-6

 
  • Sitting side by side
  • Parent and/or child holding the book
  • Parent and child are taking turns reading the text
  • Parent models own thinking while reading
  • Parent and child are stopping frequently for questions and lots of talking
  • Echo reading to model fluency and expression
  • Child draws and writes about their favourite part
  • “The title is Are You My Mother?. What do you think will happen in this story?”
  • “I'm wondering...what are you wondering about?”
  • “What animal do think baby bird will ask next?”
  • “What animals has he asked so far?”
  • “What little word do you see inside of that big word?"
  • “How do you think baby bird was feeling?”
  • How many four legged animals did baby bird ask? How many legs altogether?”
  • What was your favourite part? Why? Let’s draw or write about it.”
  • "Do you get a good picture inside your head when I read this part?"
  • " What words do you see?"

Age 6+

 
  • Sitting side by side or apart
  • Parent models own thinking while reading
  • Parent and/or child holding the book
  • Parent and child are taking turns reading the text
  • Parent and child are stopping frequently for thoughtful questioning and good conversation about the book
  • Echo reading to model fluency and expression
  • Child draws and writes about about the book
  • “I'm wondering...what are you wondering about?”
  • “I get a good picture inside my head during this part."
  • “What little word do you see inside of that big word?"
  • “I think...what do you think will happen?"
  • “I wonder why the character did that?"
  • “Let's look for more information about this."
  • “If I were that character, I would have..."
  • “Would you like to draw while I read aloud?"
  • “What sound chunk do you see in the middle of the word and what clue does the picture give you?"
  • “Does that make sense?"